Hardness Test

To measure the hardness condition of a material as made condition, heat treatment procession and in-service variation….etc. With the information, we can understand the results of processed for our evaluation.

  • To examine the results after heat treatment of steel.
  • To evaluate the hardness after hardening and hardening depth.
  • To evaluate the hardness variation at the weld of in-service pressure vessel and piping

There are several hardness test methods such as Brinell (HB), Rockwell (HR), Shore (HS), Vickers (HV) and Leeb (HL). All methods use a probe (steel ball, indenter or diamond tip) at a rated load on the test surface, after release the load the diameter of indentation, diagonal length, and rebound height is investigated, and then calculates into a hardness value.

A latest hardness test method applied the ultrasonic impedance. It use a metal rod with a diamond tip at front to excite into longitudinal oscillation by a ceramic piezoelectric transducer at an ultrasonic frequency. When the test load is applied, a frequency shift occurs as proportional to diamond penetrates into the metal. Then electronic detected by piezoelectric receiver measures the shift of an ultrasonic frequency and convert to hardness value.